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건강도시 관점에서 본 서울시 코로나19 대응과 건강도시의 정책 방향

The direction of healthy cities through the COVID-19 pandemic experience of Seoul, South Korea

보건교육건강증진학회지 2020년 37권 4호 p.1 ~ 17
손창우,
소속 상세정보
손창우 ( Shon Chang-Woo ) - Seoul Institute Department of Urban Society Research

Abstract


Objectives: This study aimed to review Seoul's response to the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) from the perspective of a healthy city and to suggest the future direction.

Methods: We reviewed the current status of COVID-19 and the responses over time and analyzed the prerequisites, activities, and health impact based on the healthy city model by de Leeuw.

Results: For prerequisites, 85% of healthy cities in Seoul had the Healthy City Ordinance, but they did not have a master plan to strengthen the prevention and management of infectious diseases, and the health city officials did not play a key role under the crisis management. For activities, cooperation between the Seoul Metropolitan Government and municipal hospitals was well established, and there was an attempt of citizen-led self-isolation and participation and cooperation with international cities. For health impact, there was a difference in the incidence rate of other infectious diseases by region, and the incidence rate of COVID-19 tends to be high in regions with a high incidence of the nationally notifiable infectious diseases. For COVID-19, social quarantine is important, and quarantine guidelines were needed in consideration of health equity.

Conclusion: A new vision and strategy of a healthy city are needed to maintain the city's function even in the event of an infectious disease crisis and to realize a healthy city with resilience.

키워드

health city; healthy city project; healthy city evaluation; COVID-19

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