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Diagnostic Performance and Prognostic Relevance of FDG Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography for Patients with Extrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma

Korean Journal of Radiology 2020년 21권 12호 p.1355 ~ 1366
김남희, 이성렬, 김영환, 김홍주,
소속 상세정보
김남희 ( Kim Nam-Hee ) - Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine Kangbuk Samsung Hospital Department of Internal Medicine
이성렬 ( Lee Sung-Ryol ) - Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine Kangbuk Samsung Hospital Department of Surgery
김영환 ( Kim Young-Hwan ) - Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine Kangbuk Samsung Hospital Department of Nuclear Medicine
김홍주 ( Kim Hong-Joo ) - Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine Kangbuk Samsung Hospital Department of Internal Medicine

Abstract


Objective: We aimed to evaluate the diagnostic value and prognostic relevance of FDG positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET-CT) in extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma patients.

Materials and Methods: This study included 234 extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma patients who underwent FDG PET-CT between June 2008 and February 2016. The diagnostic performance of FDG PEG-CT was compared to that of contrast-enhanced multidetector row CT (MDCT) and MRI. Independent prognosticators for poor survival were also assessed.

Results: The sensitivity of FDG PET-CT for detecting primary tumor and regional lymph node metastases was lower than that of MDCT or MRI (p < 0.001), whereas the specificity and positive predictive value for detecting regional lymph nodes metastases was significantly better in FDG PET-CT compared to MDCT and MRI (all p < 0.001). There was no significant difference in the diagnostic yield of distant metastases detection among three diagnostic imaging techniques. In a multivariate analysis, maximum standardized uptake values (SUVmax) of the primary tumor (adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 1.75; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.13?2.69) and of the metastatic lesions ≥ 5 (adjusted HR, 8.10; 95% CI, 1.96?33.5) were independent contributors to poor overall survival in extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma patients. In a subgroup analysis of 187 patients with periductal infiltrating type of cholangiocarcinoma, an SUVmax of the primary tumor ≥ 5 was associated with an increased risk of regional lymph node (adjusted odds ratio [OR], 1.60; 95% CI, 0.55?4.63) and distant metastases (adjusted OR, 100.57; 95% CI, 3.94?2567.43) at diagnosis as well as with poor overall survival (adjusted HR, 1.81; 95% CI, 1.04?3.15).

Conclusion: FDG PET-CT showed lower sensitivity for detecting primary tumor and regional lymph node involvement than MDCT and MRI. However, the SUVmax of primary tumors and metastatic lesions derived from FDG PET-CT could have significant implications for predicting prognoses in extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma patients.

키워드

FDG PET-CT; Maximum standardized uptake value; Extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma; Survival

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