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Development of a novel reverse transcription PCR and its application to field sample testing for feline calicivirus prevalence in healthy stray cats in Korea

Journal of Veterinary Science 2020년 21권 5호 p.71 ~ 71
김성재, 박용호, 박건택,
소속 상세정보
김성재 ( Kim Sung-Jae ) - Seoul National University College of Veterinary Medicine Department of Veterinary Microbiology
박용호 ( Park Yong-Ho ) - Seoul National University College of Veterinary Medicine Department of Veterinary Microbiology
박건택 ( Park Kun-Taek ) - Inje University Department of Biotechnology

Abstract


Background: Feline calicivirus (FCV) is a major and highly infectious pathogen in cats worldwide. However, there have been limited studies about the status of FCV infections in Korea.

Objectives: To investigate the current status of FCV infections in stray cats in Korea.

Methods: A novel reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay was developed based on the conserved nucleotide sequences of reported FCV strains. Field swab samples were collected from 122 cats (2 hospital admitted cats and 120 stray cats) in 2016 and 2017. All the samples were tested by virus isolation and 2 different RT-PCRs, including the novel RT-PCR, for the detection of FCV.

Results: The novel RT-PCR assay showed no cross-reactivity to the nucleic acids of the other feline pathogens tested, and the limit of detection was calculated as 100 TCID50/mL based on an in vitro assessment. The novel RT-PCR assay detected 5 positive samples from the 122 field samples, which showed perfect agreement with the results of the virus isolation method. In contrast, another RT-PCR assay used in a previous study in Korea detected no positive samples. The prevalence of FCV infection in stray cats was 2.5% (3/120) based on the results of virus isolation and the novel RT-PCR assays.

Conclusions: The current study is the first report of the detection and prevalence of FCV in stray cats in Korea. The novel RT-PCR assay developed in this study showed high sensitivity and specificity, which indicates a useful diagnostic assay to identify FCV infection in cats.

키워드

Feline calicivirus; reverse transcriptase PCR; prevalence

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