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운항 중 항공기 내 감염병 확산 방지를 위한 해외 주요 지침의 대응 요소 분석 연구 - 미국, 캐나다, 유럽연합, 호주, 중국의 객실 운영지침을 중심으로

Comparative review of the guidelines for the infection prevention and control in the cabin during flight - Focused on the guidelines of U.S., Canada, E.U., Australia and China

의료.복지 건축 2020년 26권 3호 p.7 ~ 16
윤형진, 왕수명, 최승리,
소속 상세정보
윤형진 ( Yoon Hyun-Jin ) - 동서울대학교 건축학과
왕수명 ( Wang Soo-Myung ) - 동서울대학교 항공서비스과
최승리 ( Choi Seung-Ri ) - 동서울대학교 항공서비스과

Abstract


Purpose: As communicable disease, COVID-19, pandemic strikes over the world, it is critically bewared that air travel possibly be a major pass way to deliver the infectious disease virus. Especially the airplane could be an unique environment to cultivate the virus spreaders. In order to keep the continuous safe airway as well as the industry, related international associations and organizations have been published the guidelines for the prevention and control the infectious disease through the all aspects of aviation. By reviewing the guidelines, focusing on the in-flight infection prevention and control, this study would not only inform a summary of the international guidelines but also provide an essential and general consideration for related research or guideline study.

Methods: Guidelines of 5 major countries are reviewed, which has been seriously influenced by COVID-19 : U.S., Canada, E.U., Australia and China. The items of the guidelines are re-categorized as its similarity and structure by applicable cases.

Results: The result of this study shows that each guideline seems to share a major structure and issue such as identifying sick traveler, sick passenger care, and cleaning even though that of China has a different since it used to consider the flight conditions based on 3 levels of infection risk. For sick passenger care, the guidelines includes crew safety, service level, sick passenger isolation, and cleaning.

Implications: A published guideline as a public manual could be to prevent and control the in-flight infection efficiently and promptly. It also could provide a confidence of knowledge and educate for all users to prepare the in-flight emergency as well.

키워드

감염병; 코로나 19; 항공기 내 감염; 승무원 안전; 검역관리; 항공감염지침
communicable disease; covid-19; in-flight infection; crew safety; quarantine management; airline guidelines

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