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한국어 의문사 작용역을 나타내는 운율 단서: 경북 방언을 중심으로

A prosodic cue representing scopes of wh-phrases in Korean: Focusing on North Gyeongsang Korean

말소리와 음성과학 2020년 12권 3호 p.41 ~ 53
Yun Weon-Hee, 김기태, 박선우,
소속 상세정보
 ( Yun Weon-Hee ) - Keimyung University Department of English Language and Literature
김기태 ( Kim Ki-Tae ) - Keimyung University Department of English Education
박선우 ( Park Sun-Woo ) - Keimyung University Department of Korean Language Education

Abstract


A wh-phrase in an embedded sentence may have either an embedded or a matrix scope. Interpretation of a wh-phrase with a matrix scope has tended to be syntactically unacceptable unless the sentence reads with a wh-intonation. Previous studies have found two differences in prosodic characteristics between sentences with matrix and embedded scopes. Firstly, peak F0s in wh-phrases produced with an F0 compression wh-intonation are higher than those in indirect questions, and peak F0s in matrix verbs are lower than those in sentences with embedded scope. Secondly, a substantial F0 drop is found at the end of embedded sentences in indirect questions, whereas no F0 reduction at the same point is noticed in sentences with a matrix scope produced with a high plateau wh-intonation. However, these characteristics were not found in our experiment. This showed that a more compelling difference exists in the values obtained from subtraction between the peak F0s of each word (or a word plus an ending or case marker) and the F0s at the end of the word. Specifically, the gap between the peak F0 in a word composed with an embedded verb and the F0 at the end of the word, which is a complementizer in Korean, is large in embedded wh-scope sentences and low in matrix wh-scope sentences.

키워드

syntax-phonology interface; wh-intonation; wh-scope; prosodic structure; wh-island constraint

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