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챈트 및 읽기 발화조건에 따른 한국어 모음 포먼트 비교

A comparison of Korean vowel formants in conditions of chanting and reading utterances

말소리와 음성과학 2020년 12권 3호 p.85 ~ 94
박지혜, 성철재,
소속 상세정보
박지혜 ( Park Ji-Hye ) - Bombi and Sciat Speech Learning Psychology Center Speech-Language Pathology
성철재 ( Seong Cheol-Jae ) - Chungnam National University Department of Linguistics

Abstract


Vowel articulation in subjects related to speech disorders seems to be difficult. A chant method that properly reflects the characteristics of language could be used as an effective way of addressing the difficulties. The purpose of this study was to find out whether the chant method is effective as a means of enhancing vowel articulation. The subjects of this study were 60 normal adults (30 males and 30 females) in their 20s and 30s whose native language is Korean. Eight utterance conditions including chanting and reading conditions were recorded and their acoustic data were analyzed. The results of the analysis of the acoustic variables related to the formant confirmed that the F1 and F2 values of the vowel formants are increased and the direction of movement of the center of gravity of the vowel triangle is statistically significantly forwarded and lowered in the chant method in both the word and the phrase context. The results also proved that accent is the most influential musical factor in chant. There was no significant difference between four repeated tokens, which increased the reliability of the results. In other words, chanting is an effective way to shift the center of gravity of the vowel triangle, which suggests that it can help to improve speech intelligibility by forming a desirable place for articulation.

키워드

vowel formants; center of gravity; vowel triangle; chant

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