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Recommendation for the establishment of a poison control center at the Korea Disease Control and Prevention Agency

Environmental Health and Toxicology : EHT 2020년 35권 3호 p.17 ~ 17
박동욱, 김지원, 남민우, 문은찬, 이예성, 하권철, 최상준, 최원준, 박지훈, 전형배, 박소영,
소속 상세정보
박동욱 ( Park Dong-Uk ) - Korea National Open University Department of Environmental Health
김지원 ( Kim Ji-won ) - Korea National Open University Department of Environmental Health
남민우 ( Nam Min-Woo ) - Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine Kangbuk Samsung Hospital Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
문은찬 ( Mun Eun-Chan ) - Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine Kangbuk Samsung Hospital Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
이예성 ( Lee Ye-Sung ) - Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine Kangbuk Samsung Hospital Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
하권철 ( Ha Kwon-Chul ) - Changwon National University Department of Health Sciences
최상준 ( Choi Sang-Jun ) - Catholic University Department of Preventive Medicine
최원준 ( Choi Won-Jun ) - Gachon University College of Medicine Gil Medical Center Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
박지훈 ( Park Ji-Hoon ) - Ministry of Environment National Institute of Chemical Safety Accident Response Division
전형배 ( Jun Hyoung-Bae ) - Kangwon National University School of Law
박소영 ( Park So-Young ) - Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine Kangbuk Samsung Hospital Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

Abstract


There is currently no governmental body in South Korea resembling the type of poison center (PC) recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO). All Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) member countries except for South Korea maintain such a PC tasked with both preventing poisoning accidents and supporting the prompt treatment of poisoned patients. Such a PC could very possibly have allowed the country to more promptly recognize the widespread wave of humidifier disinfectant (HD) associated health effects, including fatal lung injury and death, that lasted started roughly in 2000 and continued through 2011. Despite this chemical poisoning tragedy, South Korea still lacks a surveillance system to monitor health effects caused by the use and consumption of materials that include products containing chemicals, foodborne pathogens, drugs, pesticides, etc. There have been no legal procedures for examining the potential risk of products or materials manufactured by industry. The reporting of national poisoning data or causes of poisoning, which is near ubiquitous in advanced countries with a PC, has not taken place We recommend that a PC should be established within the Korea Disease Control and Prevention Agency (KDCA). In addition, in order to perform surveillance of poisoning cases across the country, a certain number of regional PCs, including at large hospitals, will also be necessary.

키워드

Poison control center; Korea Disease Control and Prevention Agency; Chemical poisoning; Health surveillance

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