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신불산 고산습지 보호지역 저서성 대형무척추동물의 군집특성 및 변화상 연구

A Study on the Community Characteristics and Changes of Benthic Macroinvertebrates in the Conservation Area of the Shinbulsan Wetland

한국환경과학회지 2020년 29권 11호 p.1079 ~ 1088
홍성진, 정선우,
소속 상세정보
홍성진 ( Hong Sung-Jin ) - Nakdong River Basin Environmental Office
정선우 ( Cheong Seon-Woo ) - Changwon National University Department of Biology and Chemistry

Abstract


The Shinbulsan wetland, located in Yangsan-si, Gyeongsangnam-do, South Korea, was designated as a conservation area in 2004. The area was monitored from 2015 to 2019 to investigate the community characteristics and changes of benthic macroinvertebrates. Between 2015 and 2016, several insects of the orders Ephemeroptera, Odonata, and Hemiptera were identified, but their numbers decreased significantly in 2017 and 2018 following the loss and recovery of the moor owing to drought. During this period, there were relatively more insects of the order Diptera. Within this order, three functional feeding groups, gathering-collectors, plant-piercers, and predators were investigated. Predator species were the most abundant (83.3%), whereas gathering-collectors accounted for the largest proportion of individual insects (50.5%). Between 2015 and 2016, when the moors were stable, groups I and III had the highest community stability. After 2017, when the moors had dried up, group III effectively disappeared because of its lower relative resistance and resilience, and only taxa belonging to group I remained. The results of this study indicate that benthic macroinvertebrates that adapt early during moor formation inhabit the Shinbulsan wetland.

키워드

Shinbulsan wetland; Benthic macroinvertebrates; Community characteristics; Functional feeding group; Relative resistance; Relative resilience

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