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Laparoscopic Pediatric Inguinal Hernia Repair; Intracorporeal Purse-String Suture Using Needlescopic 2-mm Instruments

Journal of Minimally Invasive Surgery 2020년 23권 1호 p.30 ~ 35
Lim Jeong-Min, 장혜경, 박선진,
소속 상세정보
 ( Lim Jeong-Min ) - Kyung Hee University College of Medicine Department of Surgery
장혜경 ( Chang Hye-Kyung ) - Kyung Hee University College of Medicine Department of Surgery
박선진 ( Park Sun-Jin ) - Kyung Hee University College of Medicine Department of Surgery

Abstract


Purpose: Two-millimeter needlescopic instruments induce minimal damage to the abdominal wall and have excellent cosmetic benefits. We aimed to evaluate the feasibility of a laparoscopic intracorporeal suture using 2-mm instruments for pediatric inguinal hernia.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 131 patients who underwent laparoscopic repair between March 2011 and February 2017. Three trocars were used: a 5-mm umbilical trocar for a needle holder and two 2-mm trocars for a camera and a grasper. The internal ring was closed with an intracorporeal purse-string suture. A telephone interview was conducted to confirm recurrence.

Results: In the 131 patients, 169 procedures were successfully performed. The ages ranged from 2 months to 14 years (mean, 52.5 months), and the mean body weight was 18.0 kg (range, 6.7~49 kg). The mean operating time was 42 minutes for the unilateral cases and 46 minutes for the bilateral inguinal hernia repairs. All the cases were completed laparoscopically without intraoperative complications. Herniotomy was not performed in all the patients except nine. A contralateral patent processus vaginalis was present in 27.3% (35/128) of the patients. During the mean follow-up period of 54.6 months, 3 recurrences (2.3%) were observed. Two recurrences were treated using laparoscopy and one using open herniorrhaphy. Hydrocele occurred in one male patient. No wound complications or umbilical hernias developed. No testicular atrophy was observed.

Conclusion: This study showed that laparoscopic intracorporeal internal ring suture using 2-mm instruments for pediatric inguinal hernia was technically feasible and safe, with excellent cosmetic results.

키워드

Inguinal hernia; Pediatrics; Laparoscopy; Suture technique; Inguinal ring

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