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12세 미만 아토피 피부염 어린이의 에너지 및 영양소적정섭취 수준 평가: 2013?2015년 국민건강영양조사 자료를 바탕으로

Evaluation of nutritional status and adequacy of energy and nutrient intakes among atopic dermatitis children under 12 years of age: based on Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data (2013?2015)

Journal of Nutrition and Health 2020년 53권 2호 p.141 ~ 154
김혜원, 김지명,
소속 상세정보
김혜원 ( Kim Hye-Won ) - Andong National University Department of Food and Nutrition
김지명 ( Kim Ji-Myung ) - Shinhan University Division of Food Science and Culinary Arts

Abstract


Purpose: Atopic dermatitis (AD), a typical chronic disease in children, is an allergy disease that is highly associated with food. Thus, attention to food intake is needed to prevent and manage it. Therefore, we analyzed differences in food and nutrient intakes depending on AD status in under 12-year-old children.

Methods: A total of 2,690 participants were enrolled in this study from the combined 2013?2015 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Subjects were divided into an AD group and normal group (non-AD group). General characteristic, food and nutrients intakes, and prevalence of insufficient and excessive nutrient intake were analyzed using χ2 test and regression analyses. The AD odds ratio (OR) for insufficient and excessive nutrient intakes was analyzed using multiple logistic regression analyses.

Results: Food and nutrient intakes were not significantly different between the AD and non-AD groups. However, the ratio of calcium intake to recommended nutrient intake was about 70% in both groups, which can be attributed to the overall lack of calcium intake among Korean children. There were no differences in energy or nutrient intakes between the groups, but compared with Korean Dietary Reference Intakes for Koreans, the appropriate intake ratios of fat and vitamin C in the AD group were higher than those in the non-AD group. The AD OR decreased when fat was consumed at above appropriate levels and vitamin C was consumed at lower or excess levels.

Conclusion: In children, AD may be related to the nutrient intake ratio of fats and vitamin C, and we speculate that these results were affected by dietary restrictions for AD management.

키워드

atopic dermatitis; children; food intake; dietary reference intake

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