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남한 성인의 대북식량지원에 대한 태도 관련 요인

Factors associated with the attitude of South Korean adults toward food aid to North Korea

Journal of Nutrition and Health 2020년 53권 2호 p.215 ~ 229
남영민, 윤지현,
소속 상세정보
남영민 ( Nam Young-Min ) - Seoul National University Department of Food and Nutrition
윤지현 ( Yoon Ji-Hyun ) - Seoul National University Department of Food and Nutrition

Abstract


Purpose: This study examines the attitude of South Korean adults toward food aid to North Korea and factors associated with it.

Methods: An online survey involving 1,000 adults aged 19?69 years was conducted between September?October 2019. Throughout South Korea, the subjects were proportionally distributed with respect to gender, age, and region, to represent South Korean adults.

Results: A total of 44.6% of the respondents agreed (Agreement group), 36.7% disagreed (Disagreement group), and 18.7% neither agreed nor disagreed to food aid to North Korea. Compared to the Disagreement group, the Agreement group had a higher concern of food aid to North Korea and a more positive perception on the effect of it. The Agreement group selected “direct assistance from the government” whereas the Disagreement group chose “support through international organizations” as the most appropriate channel for food aid to North Korea. Logistic regression analysis revealed that South Korean adults showing a more positive perception on the effect of food aid to North Korea were more likely to agree to the aid (odds ratio [OR], 19.32). Moreover, compared to the conservatives, the progressives were more likely to agree to food aid to North Korea (OR, 5.94). South Korean adults in their 40?50s were more likely to agree to food aid to North Korea than those in their 20?30s (OR, 2.81). South Korean adults with a higher concern of food aid to North Korea (OR, 3.93) and a greater positive perception on Korean unification (OR, 1.88) were more likely to agree to food aid to North Korea.

Conclusion: The most important factor associated with the attitude of South Korean adults toward food aid to North Korea was their perception on the subsequent effect. As strategies to draw social consensus on food aid to North Korea, we recommend systematizing the monitoring process on the effect of providing food aid to North Korea and informing the public of the outcomes.

키워드

food assistance; Democratic People's Republic of Korea; surveys and questionnaires; logistic regression

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