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여고생의 아침식사와 라이프스타일, 외모 가꾸기 관심도 및 아침식사관련 태도의 관련성

Association between breakfast and lifestyle, interest in beauty care, and attitude toward breakfast in high school girls in Incheon

Journal of Nutrition and Health 2020년 53권 3호 p.288 ~ 302
이설미, 김미현,
소속 상세정보
이설미 ( Lee Seol-Mi ) - Kongju National University Graduate School of Education Major in Nutrition Education
김미현 ( Kim Mi-Hyun ) - Kongju National University Division of Food Science

Abstract


Purpose: This study examined the factors related to skipping breakfast in high school girls.

Methods: A survey of a total of 581 high school girls residing in Incheon was conducted. The subjects were classified into 2 groups according to the breakfast frequency: “breakfast skipping” group (eating breakfast ≤ 2 times/week, n = 250) and “breakfast eating” group (eating breakfast ≥ 3 times/week, n = 331). This study compared the general characteristics, lifestyles, interest in weight control and beauty care, food habits, the reasons and symptoms of skipping breakfast, as well as the attitude toward breakfast between the 2 groups.

Results: The mean age of the subjects was 16.5 years old. Approximately, 33.9%, 33.6%, and 32.5% of the subjects were in first grade, second grade, and third grade, respectively, with no significant difference between the 2 groups. The breakfast skipping group showed a high interest in weight control, and beauty care than the breakfast eating group. The breakfast skipping group consumed more afternoon snacks and late-night snacks, and ate dinner irregularly. Although the breakfast skipping group experienced the negative effects of skipping breakfast, they showed low recognition for the importance or role of breakfast. The most common reason for skipping breakfast was lack of time, which appears to be related to the late wake-up time and the time spent on make-up or beauty-care.

Conclusion: Skipping breakfast by high school girls was related to a high interest in beauty care, irregular meals and low attitude toward the importance of breakfast for health and nutrition. Therefore, it is necessary to conduct nutrition education to change the perceptions and attitudes of female adolescents regarding the importance of breakfast by recognizing that breakfast can affect not only balanced nutrition and health, but also healthy physical beauty.

키워드

breakfast; adolescents; lifestyle; beauty; attitude

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