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Determining Language Production Abilities in Indian Adolescents between 10 and 16 Years of Age: Using a Conversational based Task

Communication Sciences & Disorders 2020년 25권 3호 p.594 ~ 608
Rasheeka Saniya Mariyam, Karuppali Sudhin, Mohan Megha,
소속 상세정보
 ( Rasheeka Saniya Mariyam ) - Manipal Academy of Higher Education Kasturba Medical College Department of Audiology and Speech Language Pathology
 ( Karuppali Sudhin ) - Manipal Academy of Higher Education Kasturba Medical College Department of Audiology and Speech Language Pathology
 ( Mohan Megha ) - Manipal Academy of Higher Education Kasturba Medical College Department of Audiology and Speech Language Pathology

Abstract


Objectives: Effective communication is an important part of social interaction significantly influenced by the mental states of communication partners. With the listener and the speaker constantly changing their thoughts and responding accordingly, a conversation is considered to be the most natural task to assess language production abilities. Therefore, the present study aimed to profile the language production abilities in Indian adolescents using a conversational based task.

Methods: A total of 90 participants between 10 and 16 years of age were equally grouped into 6 groups. The research was conducted in three phases. Phase I included the development of the stimuli; Phase II included task administration; and Phase III included data and statistical analysis. The language parameters included in the study were Communication Units (CU), Statements (ST), Questions (QU), Abandoned Utterances (AU), Interrupted Utterances (IU), Response to Questions (RQ), Response to Yes/No Questions (RYN), Response to Intonation Prompts (RIP) and Utterances with Overlapping Speech (UOS) were studied using Systematic Analysis of Language Transcripts (SALT) software.

Results: The results of the study indicated a change in the usage of most of the language parameters. ANOVA test showed significant difference (p<.05) for CU, ST, QU, UOS, and RQ. However, a poor level of significance (p>.05) was obtained for IU, AU, RYN, and RIP. Post Hoc Bonferroni test was applied to estimate the level of significance between groups.

Conclusion: The research does conclude that language production abilities develop throughout adolescence, with certain linguistic parameters being potential developmental markers to assess language abilities in adolescents.

키워드

Adolescents; Conversation; Language; Production

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