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소아전문응급의료센터 이용 형태의 특징과 고찰: 2년 간의 단일기관 연구

Utilization characteristics of an advanced pediatric emergency center: a single center study over 2 years

대한소아응급의학회지 2020년 7권 1호 p.16 ~ 22
신석원, 최희정, 최보금,
소속 상세정보
신석원 ( Shin Suk-Won ) - Keimyung University School of Medicine Department of Pediatrics
최희정 ( Choi Hee-Joung ) - Keimyung University School of Medicine Department of Pediatrics
최보금 ( Choi Bo-Geum ) - Keimyung University School of Medicine Department of Pediatrics

Abstract


Purpose: Advanced pediatric emergency centers play an important role in professional treatment of children. We analyzed the characteristics of children who visited an advanced pediatric emergency center.

Methods: The study enrolled children younger than 15 years who had visited Keimyung University Dongsan Medical advanced pediatric emergency center between April 2016 and March 2018. We reviewed the children’s age group characteristics, time of visit, triage results by the Korean Triage and Acuity Scale (KTAS), use of the emergency medical service ambulances, emergency department length of stay, final diagnosis, and final disposition.

Results: A total 41,355 children (mean age, 3.1 ± 3.0 years) were enrolled, and those aged 1-4 years accounted for 65.7%. The visit was most frequent in December, at night (40.2%), and at holiday hours (30.2%) (c.f., business hours, 11.5%). Fever (33.2%) and eyelid laceration (11.5%) were the most common final diagnoses of diseases and injuries, respectively. The children triaged as the KTAS 1-2 accounted for 5.9% of the study children (c.f., KTAS 3-4, 91.5%). According to time of visit, the proportion of hospitalization (31.4%) and transfer from other hospitals (34.7%) were most frequent at business hours than other times of visit (P < 0.001).

Conclusion: The children tended to visit the center with minor diseases or injuries, especially during holidays and at night. Further research is needed for optimizing the roles of advanced pediatric emergency centers, taking into account the characteristics of patients and demand for the centers.

키워드

After-Hours Care; Child; Emergency Service, Hospital; Epidemiology; Triage

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