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Associations between chronic conditions and oral health services utilization in older Peruvian adults: a pooled analysis of the Demographic and Health Survey 2015-2017

Epidemiology and Health 2020년 42권 1호 p.23 ~ 23
Azanedo Diego, Chambergo-Michilot Diego, Hernandez-Vasquez Akram,
소속 상세정보
 ( Azanedo Diego ) - Universidad Catolica de Trujillo Instituto de Investigacion
 ( Chambergo-Michilot Diego ) - Universidad Cientifica del Sur Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud Escuela de Medicina Humana
 ( Hernandez-Vasquez Akram ) - Universidad San Ignacio de Loyola

Abstract


OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to investigate the associations between chronic conditions (CCs) and oral health services utilization (OHSU) within the previous 6 months in older Peruvian adults (defined as those 60 years of age or more according to Peruvian law).

METHODS: An analytical cross-sectional study was performed based on the 2015-2017 Peruvian Demographic and Family Health Survey. Pooled data from 13,699 older adults were analyzed. A logistic regression model was used to analyze the associations between OHSU (dependent variable) and CCs (independent variables). Tobacco consumption, obesity, educational level, age, sex, welfare quintile, area of residence, having health insurance, and natural region of residence were included as covariates in the analysis.

RESULTS: The frequency of OHSU in older adults was 18.5% (95% confidence interval [CI], 17.8 to 19.3). The highest percentage point (%p) differences with regards to OHSU were found between the extreme categories of educational level (higher education vs. none or elementary school: +24.8%p) and welfare quintile (richest vs. poorest: +24.0%p). In the crude model, OHSU was associated with diabetes (odds ratio [OR], 1.46; 95% CI, 1.26 to 1.69), but this association disappeared after adjustment for covariates. Meanwhile, depression decreased the likelihood of OHSU (OR, 0.82; 95% CI, 0.72 to 0.95) in the adjusted model.

CONCLUSIONS: The frequency of OHSU was low in older Peruvian adults. Regarding CCs, we found that depression independently decreased the likelihood of OHSU in the adjusted model. Our results may be useful for the development of policies aimed at achieving greater OHSU in older adults with CCs, especially in those with depression.

키워드

Oral health; Mouth diseases; Aged; Noncommunicable diseases; Peru

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