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Diabetes and prediabetes prevalence among young and middle-aged adults in India, with an analysis of geographic differences: findings from the National Family Health Survey

Epidemiology and Health 2020년 42권 1호 p.65 ~ 65
Chandrupatla Siddardha G., Khalid Isma, Muthuluri Tejdeep, Dantala Satyanarayana, Tavares Mary,
소속 상세정보
 ( Chandrupatla Siddardha G. ) - Harvard School of Dental Medicine Department of Oral Health Policy and Epidemiology
 ( Khalid Isma ) - Boston University Department of Pediatric Dentistry
 ( Muthuluri Tejdeep ) - SVS Dental College Deptartment of Oral Surgery
 ( Dantala Satyanarayana ) - Panineeya Dental College NTR University of Health Sciences
 ( Tavares Mary ) - Harvard School of Dental Medicine Department of Oral Health Policy and Epidemiology

Abstract


OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to approximate the prevalence of hyperglycemia in India.

METHODS: The study was conducted using the Demographic and Health Survey 2015-16 (also known as the National Family Health Survey-4), which surveyed 811,808 individuals using a stratified, multistage, cluster sampling design. This cross-sectional survey recorded socio-demographic and anthropometric data, including blood glucose levels, of adults aged 18 years to 54 years.

RESULTS: The final analysis included 718,597 individuals, of whom 49.90% (weighted) were males. The overall prevalence of diabetes was 6.65% and that of prediabetes was 5.57%. A positive association was seen with urban residence, geographic region, sex, age, body mass index, socioeconomic status, and hypertension. Approximately two-thirds of individuals with diabetes lived in urban areas, and about half of the urban population was considered overweight/obese. South India showed a higher prevalence of diabetes (prevalence ratio, 2.01; p<0.001) than northern India.

CONCLUSIONS: Hyperglycemia (diabetes and prediabetes) has a high prevalence in India and is a major public health issue. Diabetes is unevenly distributed based on geographic location and urbanization. Prevention, early detection, and treatment strategies should consider this uneven distribution of diabetes.

키워드

Diabetes prevalence; Body mass index; Obesity Demographic and Health Survey; India

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