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Intensity-modulated radiation therapy in early stage squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx: treatment trends and outcomes

Radiation Oncology Journal 2020년 38권 1호 p.11 ~ 17
Wegner Rodney E., Abel Stephen, Bergin John J., Colonias Athanasios,
소속 상세정보
 ( Wegner Rodney E. ) - Allegheny Health Network Cancer Institute Division of Radiation Oncology
 ( Abel Stephen ) - Allegheny Health Network Cancer Institute Division of Radiation Oncology
 ( Bergin John J. ) - Allegheny Health Network Cancer Institute Division of Radiation Oncology
 ( Colonias Athanasios ) - Allegheny Health Network Cancer Institute Division of Radiation Oncology

Abstract


Purpose: Definitive radiotherapy remains a primary treatment option for early stage glottic cancer. Intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) has emerged as the standard treatment technique for advanced head and neck cancers, whereas three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) has remained standard for early glottic cancers. We used the National Cancer Database (NCDB) to identify predictors of IMRT use and effect on outcome in these patients.

Materials and Methods: We queried the NCDB from 2004?2015 for squamous cell carcinoma of the glottic larynx staged Tis-T2N0 treated with radiation alone. Logistic regression was used to identify predictors of IMRT. Cox regression was used to identify factors predictive of overall survival. Propensity matching was conducted to account for indication bias.

Results: We identified 15,627 patients, of which 11% received IMRT. IMRT use rose from 2% in 2004 to 16% in 2015. Predictors of IMRT include: increased comorbidity, T2 stage, urban location, chemotherapy, treatment at an academic center, and later treatment year. Predictors of improved survival were female gender, higher income, lower stage, no chemotherapy, academic facility, and more remote year. There was no difference in survival between 3D-CRT and IMRT across all stages.

Conclusions: The rate of IMRT use for early stage glottic laryngeal cancer has increased over time. There was no difference in outcome in patients receiving IMRT versus 3D-CRT across the cohort.

키워드

IMRT; Laryngeal cancer; Radiation therapy

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