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Late side effects of radiation treatment for head and neck cancer

Radiation Oncology Journal 2020년 38권 2호 p.84 ~ 92
Brook Itzhak,
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 ( Brook Itzhak ) - Georgetown University School of Medicine Department of Pediatrics

Abstract


Patients undergoing radiation therapy for head and neck cancer (HNC) experience significant early and long-term side effects. The likelihood and severity of complications depends on a number of factors, including the total dose of radiation delivered, over what time it was delivered and what parts of the head and neck received radiation. Late side effects include: permanent loss of saliva; osteoradionecrosis; radiation recall myositis, pharyngoesophageal stenosis; dental caries; oral cavity necrosis; fibrosis; impaired wound healing; skin changes and skin cancer; lymphedema; hypothyroidism, hyperparathyroidism, lightheadedness, dizziness and headaches; secondary cancer; and eye, ear, neurological and neck structures damage. Patients who undergo radiotherapy for nasopharyngeal carcinoma tend to suffer from chronic sinusitis. These side effects present difficult challenges to the patients and their caregivers and require life-long strategies to alleviate their deleterious effect on basic life functions and on the quality of life. This review presents these side effects and their management.

키워드

Radiation; Side effects of radiation; Fibrosis; Head and neck cancer; Lymphedema; Mucositis

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