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Quality of Life in Children and Adolescents with Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Impact and Predictive Factors

Silva Larissa Caetano, Seixas Renata B.P. Melo, de Carvalho Elisa,
소속 상세정보
 ( Silva Larissa Caetano ) - Brasilia Jose Alencar Children’s Hospital Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Hepatology
 ( Seixas Renata B.P. Melo ) - Brasilia Jose Alencar Children’s Hospital Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Hepatology
 ( de Carvalho Elisa ) - Brasilia Jose Alencar Children’s Hospital Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Hepatology

Abstract


Purpose: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in children and adolescents is associated with high morbidity and possibly has a significant negative impact on their quality of life. This study aimed to evaluate the quality of life of children and adolescents with IBD and define the variables that impact these individuals.

Methods: We administered the Pediatric Quality of Life Questionnaire (PedsQL) to 35 children and adolescents diagnosed with IBD and with available quantitative data from clinical records on epidemiology, clinical evolution, complementary tests, medical interventions, and disease activity. Data were evaluated according to the IBD type and compared with a control group of healthy children.

Results: The study group showed a significantly lower PedsQL score than the control group (p<0.01). Significant factors contributing to poor overall quality of life included female sex, Crohn's disease, surgery, and food restrictions. Symptoms such as diarrhea and the fear of using public toilets were associated with low physical scores. Feeling sick had a negative impact on the emotional PedsQL scores. Patients with a fear of using public toilets, anthropometric scores below the 3rd percentile, and greater disease activity scored lower in the social domain. Regarding school and psychosocial evaluations, younger children with symptom onset after the age of 2 years had lower scores than younger children with symptom onset before the age of 2 years.

Conclusion: IBD negatively affects the quality of life of children and adolescents based on its impact on the physical, emotional, social, and psychosocial statuses of these patients.

키워드

Inflammatory bowel disease in pediatrics; Health-related quality of life; Pediatric Quality of Life Questionnaire 4.0 Generic Core Scale questionnaire

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