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고속도로 톨게이트 부스의 공기 중 분진 및 침착 분진의 특성

Characteristics of Airborne and Deposited Dust in Expressway Toll Booths

한국산업보건학회지 2020년 30권 1호 p.10 ~ 17
남미란, 정종현, 피영규,
소속 상세정보
남미란 ( Nam Mi-Ran ) - Daegu Haany University Gradute School
정종현 ( Jung Jong-Hyeon ) - Daegu Haany University Faculty of Health Science
피영규 ( Phee Young-Gyu ) - Daegu Haany University Faculty of Health Science

Abstract


Objectives: This study was performed to evaluate the total dust, size-selective dust, and heavy metal concentrations generated inside and outside toll booths on an expressway and to identify the source through analysis of the components of the deposited dust.

Methods: A total of 32 samples were collected from eight expressway toll booths. Each total dust sample was collected using a 37 mm PVC filter attached to a personal air sampler. Heavy metal samples were collected according to NIOSH method 7300. The size-selective dust concentrations were identified using a DustMate, and deposited dust was analyzed by WD-XRF and UHR-FE-SEM.

Results: The geometric mean concentrations of the total dust inside and outside the toll booths were 337.5 ㎍/㎥ and 342.7 ㎍/㎥, respectively. The overall concentrations of TSP, PM10, PM2.5, and PM1 were higher on the outside of the toll booths, as the particle size of dust was larger, and higher in the underground passage as the dust size was smaller. The real-time analysis of the dust concentrations of TSP, PM10, PM2.5, and PM1 revealed to be higher at morning and evening times than other times because of heavy traffic. The element components of deposited dust in the toll booth were related to natural sources rather than artificial sources. Among the chemical components in the deposited dust analyzed by WD-XRF, SiO2 was the highest. For the elements analyzed by UHR-FE-SEM, C was the highest, followed by O, and Si.

Conclusions: In order to reduce the dust concentrations around toll booths on an expressway, it is necessary to periodically clean surrounding areas such as underground passages, and it is also necessary to remove deposited dust inside the toll booth from time to time.

키워드

concentration; dust; expressway; toll booth

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