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건설현장 우레탄 방수작업자의 휘발성 유기화합물 및 톨루엔 디이소시아네이트 노출평가

Exposure Assessment of Solvents and Toluene Diisocyanates among Polyurethane Waterproofing Workers in the Construction industry

한국산업보건학회지 2020년 30권 2호 p.134 ~ 152
박현희, 황은송, 노지원, 장광명, 박승현, 윤충식,
소속 상세정보
박현희 ( Park Hyun-Hee ) - Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute
황은송 ( Hwang Eun-Song ) - Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute
노지원 ( Ro Ji-Won ) - Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute
장광명 ( Jang Kwang-Myung ) - Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute
박승현 ( Park Seung-Hyeon ) - Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute
윤충식 ( Yoon Chung-Sik ) - Seoul National University Graduate School of Public Health

Abstract


Objectives: The objective of this study was to evaluate volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and toluene diisocyanates (TDIs) exposure among polyurethane waterproofing workers in the construction industry.

Methods: Task-based personal air samplings were carried out at seven construction sites using organic vapor monitor for VOCs (n=88) and glass fiber filters coated with 1-(2-pyridyl)piperazine(1-2PP) for TDIs (n=81). The concentration of VOCs and TDIs were shown for four different work types(mixing paint, primer roller painting, urethane resin spread painting, painter assistant) at five different worksites (rooftop, ground parking lot, piloti, bathroom, and swimming pool). The two TDI sampling methods (filter vs impinger) were evaluated in parallel to compare the concentrations.

Results: The geometric mean(GM) concentration of VOCs Exposure Index (EI) was highest for primer roller painting (1.4), followed in order by, urethane resin spread painting (0.85), mixing paint (0.53), and painter assistant (0.35) by work types . The GM of VOCs EI was highest for bathroom (1.4) followed in order by, swimming pool (0.85), piloti (0.89), ground parking lot (0.82) and rooftop (0.57) by worksites. The GM of 2,4-/2,6-TDI concentration was 0.052 ppb and 0.432 ppb each. There was no statistical difference in TDIs concentrations among worksites. The concentration of 2,6-TDI was ten times higher than that of 2,4-TDI. The concentration of 2,6-TDI by impinger method was 5.7 times higher than that by filter method.

Conclusions: In this study, we found 38.6% of the VOCs samples exceeded the occupational exposure limits and 19.8% of the 2,6-TDI samples exceeded 1 ppb among polyurethane waterproofing workers. The most important determinants that increase the concentration of VOCs and TDIs was indoor environment and primer painting work.

키워드

construction workers; polyurethane waterproofing; Toluene diisocyanates(TDIs); Volatile organic compounds(VOCs)

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