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Liver Magnetic Resonance Imaging for Hepatocellular Carcinoma Surveillance

대한간암학회지 2020년 20권 1호 p.25 ~ 31
박소현, 김보현,
소속 상세정보
박소현 ( Park So-Hyun ) - Gachon University Gil Hospital Department of Radiology
김보현 ( Kim Bo-Hyun ) - Seoul St. Mary′s Hospital Department of Radiology

Abstract


Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) surveillance is recommended when the annual incidence of HCC exceeds 1.5%. In 2018, several international guidelines included alternative surveillance modalities, such as computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), as alternatives for patients with inadequate surveillance with an ultrasound. Currently, abbreviated MRI selectively includes several key sequences and is emerging as an effective tool for HCC surveillance with reduced cost and scan time and the required diagnostic performance. The incidence of HCC substantially impacts the benefits of surveillance in terms of cost-effectiveness. Therefore, we need to individualize imaging surveillance of HCC, tailor screening, and determine risk-stratified strategies. The purpose of this article was to present a brief overview of the diagnostic performance and cost-effectiveness of liver MRI as an HCC surveillance tool.

키워드

Hepatocellular carcinoma; Liver; Magnetic resonance imaging; Surveillance

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