잠시만 기다려 주세요. 로딩중입니다.

Application of transient elastography in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease

Clinical and Molecular Hepatology 2020년 26권 2호 p.128 ~ 141
Zhang Xinrong, Wong Grace Lai-Hung, Wong Vincent Wai-Sun,
소속 상세정보
 ( Zhang Xinrong ) - Chinese University of Hong Kong Department of Medicine and Therapeutics
 ( Wong Grace Lai-Hung ) - Chinese University of Hong Kong Department of Medicine and Therapeutics
 ( Wong Vincent Wai-Sun ) - Chinese University of Hong Kong Department of Medicine and Therapeutics

Abstract


Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is currently the most common chronic liver disease worldwide. Although it has become one of the leading causes of cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma in the Western world, the proportion of NAFLD patients developing these complications is rather small. Therefore, current guidelines recommend non-invasive tests for the initial assessment of NAFLD. Among the available non-invasive tests, transient elastography by FibroScan® (Echosens, Paris, France) is commonly used by hepatologists in Europe and Asia, and the machine has been introduced to the United States in 2013 with rapid adoption. Transient elastography measures liver stiffness and the controlled attenuation parameter simultaneously and can serve as a one-stop examination for both liver steatosis and fibrosis. Liver stiffness measurement also correlates with clinical outcomes and can be used to select patients for varices screening. Although obesity is a common reason for measurement failures, the development of the XL probe allows successful measurements in the majority of obese patients. This article reviews the performance and limitations of transient elastography in NAFLD and highlights its clinical applications. We also discuss the reliability criteria for transient elastography examination and factors associated with false-positive liver stiffness measurements.

키워드

Liver cirrhosis; Fatty liver; Metabolic syndrome; Obesity; Diagnostic imaging

원문 및 링크아웃 정보

 

등재저널 정보