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Drug induced liver injury: East versus West ? a systematic review and meta-analysis

Clinical and Molecular Hepatology 2020년 26권 2호 p.142 ~ 154
Low En Xian Sarah, Zheng Qishi, Chan Edwin, Lim Seng Gee,
소속 상세정보
 ( Low En Xian Sarah ) - National University Health System Department of Medicine
 ( Zheng Qishi ) - Singapore Clinical Research Institute
 ( Chan Edwin ) - Singapore Clinical Research Institute
 ( Lim Seng Gee ) - National University Health System Department of Medicine

Abstract


Drug induced liver injury (DILI) may be different in the East compared to the West due to differing disease prevalence, prescribing patterns and pharmacogenetic profiles. To review existing literature on causative agents of DILI in the East compared to the West, a comprehensive literature search was performed on electronic databases: MEDLINE/PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library and China National Knowledge Infrastructure without language restrictions. Studies which involve patients having DILI and reported the frequency of causative agents were included. A random effects model was applied to synthesize the current evidence using prevalence of class-specific and agent-specific causative drugs with 95% confidence intervals. Of 6,914 articles found, 12 showed the distribution of drugs implicated in DILI in the East with a total of 33,294 patients and 16 in the West with a total of 26,069 DILI cases. In the East, the most common agents by class were anti-tuberculosis drugs (26.6%), herbal and alternative medications (25.3%), and antibiotics (15.7%), while in the West, antibiotics (34.9%), cardiovascular agents (17.3%), and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (12.5%) were the commonest. For individual agents, the most common agents in the East were isoniazid-rifampicin-pyrazinamide (25.4%), phenytoin (3.5%), and cephalosporin (2.9%) while in the West, amoxicillin-potassium clavulanate combination acid (11.3%), nimesulide (6.3%), and ibuprofen (6.1%) were the commonest. There was significant heterogeneity due to variability in single-centre compared to multi-centre studies. Differences in DILI in the East versus the West both in drug classes and individual agents are important for clinicians to recognize.

키워드

Antibiotics, Antitubercular; Chemical and drug induced liver injury; Anti-bacterial agents

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