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Applications of Natural and Synthetic Melanins as Biosorbents and Adhesive Coatings

Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering 2020년 25권 5호 p.646 ~ 654
박서아, 이창구, 이제찬, 정승호, 최권영,
소속 상세정보
박서아 ( Park Seo-A ) - Ajou University Department of Environmental Engineering
이창구 ( Lee Chang-Gu ) - Ajou University Department of Environmental and Safety Engineering
이제찬 ( Lee Je-Chan ) - Ajou University Department of Environmental and Safety Engineering
정승호 ( Jung Seung-Ho ) - Ajou University Department of Environmental and Safety Engineering
최권영 ( Choi Kwon-Young ) - Ajou University Department of Environmental Engineering

Abstract


Natural and synthetic melanins are promising pigments for several uses, such as biosorbents and bioadhesives. Further, their high biocompatibilities and excellent biological activities potentially allow them to be ideal biomaterials for environmental and biotechnological applications. Naturally occurring melanin has been used as a biosorbent for the environmental treatment of organic chemicals and for metal ion removal, and melanins have been chemically engineered to function more efficiently. In addition, melanin has been engineered for use as an adhesive coating material, and its polymeric properties have been enhanced for medical applications. Clearly, given melanin’s high biocompatibility and biodegradability, it is a very viable biopolymer for further applications in environmental biotechnology fields. In this review, we highlight the uses of melanin as a biosorbent and bioadhesive in biotechnology fields.

키워드

melanin; pigment; biosorption; bioadhesive; biocompatibility

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