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rDNA FISH를 이용한 큰조롱과 넓은잎큰조롱의 세포유전학적 연구

Cytogenetical Study of Cynanchum wilfordii and Cynanchum auriculatum using Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization (FISH)

한국약용작물학회지 2020년 28권 5호 p.325 ~ 330
김수현, 김우철, 김현희, 허권,
소속 상세정보
김수현 ( Kim Su-Hyun ) - Kangwon National University Department of Applied Plant Sciences
김우철 ( Kim Woo-Cheol ) - Kangwon National University Department of Applied Plant Sciences
김현희 ( Kim Hyun-Hee ) - Sahmyook University Department of Life Science
허권 ( Heo Kweon ) - Kangwon National University Department of Applied Plant Sciences

Abstract


Background: Dried tuberous roots of Cynanchum wilfordii are known to relieve menopause symptoms. However, the dried roots of C. wilfordii are morphologically similar to those of C.
auriculatum, which makes it difficult to distinguish when used as a medicine. Various comparative studies have focused on chemical or molecular analysis of these roots. However, the differences between the two species at the cytogenetic level based on chromosome structure and composition remain to be elucidated.

Methods and Results: For chromosome slides, the roots were fixed in 8-hydroxyquinoline, digested with enzyme mixture, and spread on slides. 5S and 45S rDNA were used as cytogenetic markers for the analysis of nuclear genomes by FISH. The chromosome number of the two species was 2n = 22, with a relatively short length, 1.13 ㎛ - 4.24 ㎛ and 1.00 ㎛ - 3.42 ㎛ with respect to each other. Both species represent one pair of 5S and 45S rDNA signal on chromosome 1, at the proximal region and peri-centromeric region, respectively.

Conclusions: These preliminary cytogenetic data using FISH in C. wilfordii and C. auriculatum could be valuable for the comprehension of Cynanchum genome history.

키워드

Cynanchum wilfordii; Cynanchum auriculatum; Chromosome; Fluorescence in situ hybridization

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