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Novel respiratory infectious diseases in Korea

Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine 2020년 37권 4호 p.286 ~ 295
김현정,
소속 상세정보
김현정 ( Kim Hyun-Jung ) - Keimyung University School of Medicine Keimyung University Dongsan Hospital Department of Internal Medicine

Abstract


Respiratory infections are very common and highly contagious. Respiratory infectious diseases affect not only the person infected but also the family members and the society. As medical sciences advance, several diseases have been conquered; however, the impact of novel infectious diseases on the society is enormous. As the clinical presentation of respiratory infections is similar regardless of the pathogen, the causative agent is not distinguishable by symptoms alone. Moreover, it is difficult to develop a cure because of the various viral mutations. Various respiratory infectious diseases ranging from influenza, which threaten the health of mankind globally, to the coronavirus disease 2019, which resulted in a pandemic, exist. Contrary to human expectations that development in health care and improvement in hygiene will conquer infectious diseases, humankind’s health and social systems are threatened by novel infectious diseases. Owing to the development of transport and trading activity, the rate of spread of new infectious diseases is increasing. As respiratory infections can threaten the members of the global community at any time, investigations on preventing the transmission of these diseases as well as development of effective antivirals and vaccines are of utmost importance and require a worldwide effort.

키워드

Coronavirus infections; COVID-19; Human influenza; Middle East respiratory syndrome; SARS virus; Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2

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