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Impact of the Fourth Industrial Revolution on the Health Sector: A Qualitative Study

Healthcare Informatics Research 2020년 26권 4호 p.328 ~ 334
de Melo e Castro e Melo Joao Antonio Gomes, Araujo Nuno Miguel Faria,
소속 상세정보
 ( de Melo e Castro e Melo Joao Antonio Gomes ) - Lisbon University Instituto Superior de Ciencias Sociais e Politicas
 ( Araujo Nuno Miguel Faria ) - CESPU-North Polytechnic Institute of Health Vale do Ave Higher School of Health

Abstract


Objectives: The Fourth Industrial Revolution is changing the way health is understood, transforming the methods of treatment and diagnosis as well as the relationship between health professionals and patients and altering the management and organization of health systems. The main objective of this study was to explore the impact that the Fourth Industrial Revolution is having on the health sector.

Methods: Conducting interviews consisting of four questions with 10 professionals who had experience working in the health sector to gain their insights and to obtain information to meet the general objective of the study as well as its specific objectives.

Results: From the analysis of the respondents’ responses, it was possible to create five dimensions developed by the topics most addressed by respondents, namely, impact on healthcare efficiency and effectiveness, impact on government action, impact on human resources, impact on health system organization, and financial impact on the health sector.

Conclusions: Although the Fourth Industrial Revolution is still at an early stage, it has been concluded that it is having a major positive impact on the health sector. For the effective and efficient implementation of these disruptive technologies, a global interaction between governments, health professionals, stakeholders, and society is essential to make this change possible.

키워드

Artificial Intelligence; Disruptive Technology; Health Care Reform; Health Care Sector; Technology Assessment

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