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The Effects of Social Participation Attitude, Social Support, and Empowerment on Ageism Experience in the Elderly Using Welfare Centers

김두리, 류주희, 문효원, 민수현, 정인영, 박신숙, 이기란,
소속 상세정보
김두리 ( Kim Doo-Ree ) - Konyang University College of Nursing
류주희 ( Ryu Ju-Hui ) - Konyang University College of Nursing
문효원 ( Moon Hyo-Won ) - Konyang University College of Nursing
민수현 ( Min Su-Hyeon ) - Konyang University College of Nursing
정인영 ( Jeong In-Young ) - Konyang University College of Nursing
박신숙 ( Park Shin-Suk ) - Daejeon Metropolitan City Senior Welfare Center
이기란 ( Lee Gi-Ran ) - Konyang University College of Nursing

Abstract


Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate the factors affecting the discrimination of the elderly using welfare centers.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 217 elderly people from a welfare center in D city. Data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire survey consisting of ageism experience, social participation attitude, social support, and empowerment. For data analysis, descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients, and multiple regression were performed using SPSS/WIN 21.0 program.

Results: As a result of analyzing the correlations among the variables, the discrimination experience of the elderly showed negative correlations in social participation attitude and child relationship support. The factors affecting the discrimination experience of the elderly include gender, job, smartphone use, and child relationship support had a significant effect. The explanatory power of the discrimination experience of these factors was 15.4%.

Conclusion: This study found that gender, job, social support, and smartphone use were factors influencing the discrimination experience of the elderly. It is hoped that public relations and policy measures should be considered.

키워드

노인차별; 사회참여; 사회적 지지; 역량
Ageism; Social participation; Social support; Empowerment

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