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COVID-19 Patients: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Laboratory Findings, Comorbidities, and Clinical Outcomes Comparing Medical Staff versus the General Population

Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives 2020년 11권 5호 p.269 ~ 279
Ebrahimi Mina, Rahim Fakher, Malehi Amal Saki,
소속 상세정보
 ( Ebrahimi Mina ) - Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences Health Research Institute Thalassemia and Hemoglobinopathy Research Center
 ( Rahim Fakher ) - Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences Health Research Institute Thalassemia and Hemoglobinopathy Research Center
 ( Malehi Amal Saki ) - Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences School of Public Health Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology

Abstract


This review compared coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) laboratory findings, comorbidities, and clinical outcomes in patients from the general population versus medical staff to aid diagnosis of COVID-19 in a more timely, efficient, and accurate way. Electronic databases were searched up to 23rd March, 2020. The initial search yielded 6,527 studies. Following screening, 24 studies were included [18 studies (11,564 cases) of confirmed COVID-19 cases in the general public, and 6 studies (394 cases) in medical staff] in this review. Significant differences were observed in white blood cell counts (p < 0.001), lymphocyte counts (p < 0.001), platelet counts (p = 0.04), procalcitonin levels (p < 0.001), lactate dehydrogenase levels (p < 0.001), and creatinine levels (p = 0.03) when comparing infected medical staff with the general public. The mortality rate was higher in the general population than in medical staff (8% versus 2%). This review showed that during the early stages of COVID-19, laboratory findings alone may not be significant predictors of infection and may just accompany increasing C-reactive protein levels, erythrocyte sedimentation rates, and lactate dehydrogenase levels. In the symptomatic stage, the lymphocyte and platelet counts tended to decrease. Elevated D-dimer fibrin degradation product was associated with poor prognosis.

키워드

COVID-19; meta-analysis; prognostic factors; systematic review

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