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Health-Related Quality of Life and its Associated Factors in COVID-19 Patients

Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives 2020년 11권 5호 p.296 ~ 302
Arab-Zozani Morteza, Hashemi Fatemah, Safari Hossein, Yousefi Mahmood, Ameri Hosein,
소속 상세정보
 ( Arab-Zozani Morteza ) - Birjand University of Medical Sciences Social Determinants of Health Research Center
 ( Hashemi Fatemah ) - Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences School of Public Health Healthcare Management
 ( Safari Hossein ) - Iran University of Medical Sciences Health Promotion Research Center
 ( Yousefi Mahmood ) - Tabriz University of Medical Sciences School of Management and Medical Informatics Health Economics Department
 ( Ameri Hosein ) - Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences School of Public Health Health Policy and Management Research Center

Abstract


Objectives: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is one of the most important outcome measures for patients. The purpose of this study was to evaluate HRQoL and related factors in Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients.

Methods: A total of 420 COVID-19 patients who had been discharged from hospital were selected using a systematic sampling. The EuroQol 5-dimensional-5 levels (EQ-5D-5L) questionnaire along with medical records of the patients were used to gather the data. The t test and analysis of variance were employed to test the difference between mean EQ-5D-5L scores, and the BetaMix model was used to investigate factors associated with EQ-5D-5L scores.

Results: The mean score for the patients who completed the EQ-5D-5L questionnaire (n = 409) was 0.6125. The EQ-5D-5L scores were significantly higher in males, patients with younger age, those with a low level of education, the employed, patients who worked in uncrowded workplaces, patients without diabetes, and those who were not admitted to intensive care unit. The BetaMix model showed that gender, age, education, employment status, having diabetes, heart failure, and admission to the intensive care unit were significant independent predictors of the EQ-5D-5L index values.

Conclusion: The mean score for EQ-5D-5L in COVID-19 patients was low in this study. Some of the factors, especially aging and having diabetes, should be considered in the aftercare of patients to improve their HRQoL.

키워드

COVID-19; Health-related quality of life; EQ-5D-5L

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