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Antiepileptic Drug Selection According to Seizure Type in Adult Patients with Epilepsy

Journal of Clinical Neurology 2020년 16권 4호 p.547 ~ 555
김혜연, 김동욱, 이순태, 변정익, 서종근, 노영주, 강경욱, 김대영, 김근태, 조용원, 양광익,
소속 상세정보
김혜연 ( Kim Hye-Yun ) - Catholic Kwandong University College of Medicine International St. Mary’s Hospital Department of Neurology
김동욱 ( Kim Dong-Wook ) - Konkuk University School of Medicine Department of Neurology
이순태 ( Lee Soon-Tae ) - Seoul National University Hospital Department of Neurology
변정익 ( Byun Jung-Ick ) - Kyung Hee University Hospital at Gangdong Department of Neurology
서종근 ( Seo Jong-Geun ) - Kyungpook National University School of Medicine Department of Neurology
노영주 ( No Young-Joo ) - Samsung Noble County Department of Neurology
강경욱 ( Kang Kyung-Wook ) - Chonnam National University School of Medicine Chonnam National University Hospital Department of Neurology
김대영 ( Kim Dae-Young ) - Chungnam National University School of Medicine Chungnam National University Hospital Department of Neurology
김근태 ( Kim Keun-Tae ) - Keimyung University School of Medicine Department of Neurology
조용원 ( Cho Yong-Won ) - Keimyung University School of Medicine Department of Neurology
양광익 ( Yang Kwang-Ik ) - Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine Cheonan Hospital Department of Neurology

Abstract


Epilepsy is a common neurological disorder that is mainly treated using antiepileptic drugs. Several antiepileptic drugs such as phenobarbital, phenytoin, primidone, and ethosuximide were developed in the early 20th century. More than 10 types of antiepileptic drugs have been developed since the 1990s, and there are now more than 20 antiepileptic drugs in active clinical use. The choice of antiepileptic drugs is based on the clinical features of the seizure types, electroencephalogram findings, epileptic syndrome, and drug stability. Currently there are 19 antiepileptic drugs approved by the Korean Food and Drug Administration, 18 of which (with the exclusion of brivaracetam) are covered by the National Health Insurance Service in Korea. We reviewed the selection of antiepileptic drugs according to the classification of epileptic seizures.

키워드

antiepileptics; seizure; epilepsy; adults

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