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Phantom-Validated Reference Values of Myocardial Mapping and Extracellular Volume at 3T in Healthy Koreans

Investigative Magnetic Resonance Imaging 2020년 24권 3호 p.141 ~ 153
이은진, 김판기, 최병욱, 정정임,
소속 상세정보
이은진 ( Lee Eun-Jin ) - Catholic University College of Medicine St. Vincent’s Hospital Department of Radiology
김판기 ( Kim Pan-Ki ) - Yonsei University College of Medicine Department of Radiology
최병욱 ( Choi Byoung-Wook ) - Yonsei University College of Medicine Department of Radiology
정정임 ( Jung Jung-Im ) - Catholic University College of Medicine Seoul St. Mary’s Hospital Department of Radiology

Abstract


Purpose: Myocardial T1 and T2 relaxation times are affected by technical factors such as cardiovascular magnetic resonance platform/vendor. We aimed to validate T1 and T2 mapping sequences using a phantom; establish reference T1, T2, and extracellular volume (ECV) measurements using two sequences at 3T in normal Koreans; and compare the protocols and evaluate the differences from previously reported measurements.

Materials and Methods: Eleven healthy subjects underwent cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) using 3T MRI equipment (Verio, Siemens, Erlangen, Germany). We did phantom validation before volunteer scanning: T1 mapping with modified look locker inversion recovery (MOLLI) with 5(3)3 and 4(1)3(1)2 sequences, and T2 mapping with gradient echo (GRE) and TrueFISP sequences. We did T1 and T2 mappings on the volunteers with the same sequences. ECV was also calculated with both sequences after gadolinium enhancement.

Results: The phantom study showed no significant differences from the gold standard T1 and T2 values in either sequence. Pre-contrast T1 relaxation times of the 4(1)3(1)2 protocol was 1142.27 ± 36.64 ms and of the 5(3)3 was 1266.03 ± 32.86 ms on the volunteer study. T2 relaxation times of GRE were 40.09 ± 2.45 ms and T2 relaxation times of TrueFISP were 38.20 ± 1.64 ms in each. ECV calculation was 24.42% ± 2.41% and 26.11% ± 2.39% in the 4(1)3(1)2 and 5(3)3 protocols, respectively, and showed no differences at any segment or slice between the sequences. We also calculated ECV from the pre-enhancement T1 relaxation time of MOLLI 5(3)3 and the postenhancement T1 relaxation time of MOLLI 4(1)3(1)2, with no significant differences between the combinations.

Conclusion: Using phantom-validated sequences, we reported the normal myocardial T1, T2, and ECV reference values of healthy Koreans at 3T. There were no statistically significant differences between the sequences, although it has limited statistical value due to the small number of subjects studied. ECV showed no significant differences between calculations based on various pre- and post-mapping combinations.

키워드

Cardiac MRI; Cardiac mapping; Reference value; ECV; T1 mapping; native T1; T2 mapping

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