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An Analysis of Myocardial Efficiency in Patients with Severe Asymptomatic Mitral Regurgitation

Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging 2020년 28권 4호 p.267 ~ 278
Guvenc Rengin Cetin, Arugaslan Emre, Guvenc Tolga Sinan, Karadeniz Fatma Ozpamuk, Kasikcioglu Hulya, Cam Nese,
소속 상세정보
 ( Guvenc Rengin Cetin ) - Dr. Siyami Ersek Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery Research and Training Hospital Division of Cardiology
 ( Arugaslan Emre ) - Dr. Siyami Ersek Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery Research and Training Hospital Division of Cardiology
 ( Guvenc Tolga Sinan ) - Dr. Siyami Ersek Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery Research and Training Hospital Division of Cardiology
 ( Karadeniz Fatma Ozpamuk ) - Dr. Siyami Ersek Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery Research and Training Hospital Division of Cardiology
 ( Kasikcioglu Hulya ) - Dr. Siyami Ersek Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery Research and Training Hospital Division of Cardiology
 ( Cam Nese ) - Dr. Siyami Ersek Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery Research and Training Hospital Division of Cardiology

Abstract


BACKGROUND: It is difficult to determine left ventricular systolic performance in patients with severe mitral regurgitation (MR) since left ventricular ejection fraction (EF) could be preserved until the end stages of the disease. Myocardial efficiency (MEf) describes the amount of external work (EW) done by the left ventricle per unit of oxygen consumed (mVO2). In the present study, we aimed to investigate MEf in patients with asymptomatic severe MR using a novel echocardiographic method.

METHODS: A total of 27 patients with severe asymptomatic MR and 26 healthy volunteers were included in this cross-sectional study. EW was measured using stroke volume and blood pressure, while mVO2 was estimated using double product and left ventricular mass.

RESULTS: There were no differences between the groups with regards to EF (66% ± 5% vs. 69% ± 7%), while MEf was significantly reduced in patients with severe MR (25% ± 11% vs. 44% ± 12%, p < 0.001). This difference was maintained even after adjustment for age, gender and body surface area (adjusted ?x: 0.44, 95% CI: 0.39?0.49 for controls and adjusted ?x: 0.24, 95% CI: 0.19?0.29 for patients with severe MR). Further analysis showed that this reduction was due to an increase in total mVO2 in the severe MR group. MEf of thepatients who were both on β-blockers and angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin receptor blockers were higher than those who were not on any drugs, but this difference was not statistically significant (32% ± 15% vs. 23% ± 9%, p = 0.41).

CONCLUSIONS: MEf was significantly lower in patients with asymptomatic severe MR and preserved EF.

키워드

Mitral regurgitation; Echocardiography; Myocardial efficiency; Left ventricular function

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