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Melia azedarach extract exhibits a broad spectrum of antiviral effect in vitro and in vivo

Journal of Biomedical and Translational Research 2020년 21권 3호 p.125 ~ 136
Nethmini N. A. Nadeeka, 김면수, Chathuranga Kiramage, 마진열, 김홍익, 이종수,
소속 상세정보
 ( Nethmini N. A. Nadeeka ) - Chungnam National University College of Veterinary Medicine
김면수 ( Kim Myun-Soo ) - VITABIO Inc. R&D Division
 ( Chathuranga Kiramage ) - Chungnam National University College of Veterinary Medicine
마진열 ( Ma Jin-Yeul ) - Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine KM Application Center
김홍익 ( Kim Hong-Ik ) - VITABIO Inc. R&D Division
이종수 ( Lee Jong-Soo ) - Chungnam National University College of Veterinary Medicine

Abstract


Melia azedarach is commonly used in traditional and folk medicine in Korea and China to treat a variety of diseases including diarrheal, diabetic, rheumatic, and hypertensive disease. The aim of this study was to determine the potential prophylactic and therapeutic effects of Melia azedarach against a broad spectrum of viruses in in vitro cell culture model and the protective effect against different influenza A subtypes in BALB/c mice model. An effective dose of pre-treatment, co-treatment, and post-treatment of Melia azedarach significantly reduced the replication of coxsackievirus, herpes simplex virus, influenza A virus, enterovirus, and bovine rhinovirus in both epithelial and macrophage cell lines. Melia azedarach treatment remarkably promoted the phosphorylation of the key molecules associated with the type-1 interferon and NF-κB signaling pathways. Furthermore, it induced the secretion of type-1 interferon and pro-inflammatory cytokines and the subsequent stimulation of the antiviral state in both epithelial and macrophage cells. Interestingly, oral inoculation of an effective dose of herb extract significantly improved viral clearance in the lungs of BALB/c mice, thus exhibiting protection against several subtypes of influenza A virus. Together with our results indicate that an extracts of Melia azedarach and its components could exhibit a potential natural source of an antiviral drug candidate for a broad spectrum of viruses in animal and humans.

키워드

Melia azedarach; antiviral effect; herbal medicine; prophylactic effects; therapeutic effects

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