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Effect of Different Dietary Approaches in Comparison with High/Low-Carbohydrate Diets on Systolic and Diastolic Blood Pressure in Type 2 Diabetic Patients: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Preventive Nutrition and Food Science 2020년 25권 3호 p.233 ~ 245
Abbasnezhad Amir, Falahi Ebrahim, Gonzalez Michael J., Kavehi Parivash, Fouladvand Faezeh, Choghakhori Razieh,
소속 상세정보
 ( Abbasnezhad Amir ) - Lorestan University of Medical Sciences Nutritional Health Research Center
 ( Falahi Ebrahim ) - Lorestan University of Medical Sciences Nutritional Health Research Center
 ( Gonzalez Michael J. ) - University of Puerto Rico Medical Sciences Campus School of Public Health Department of Human Development
 ( Kavehi Parivash ) - Lorestan University of Medical Sciences Student Research Committee
 ( Fouladvand Faezeh ) - Lorestan University of Medical Sciences Student Research Committee
 ( Choghakhori Razieh ) - Lorestan University of Medical Sciences Razi Herbal Medicines Research Center

Abstract


Dietary modification is an effective method for preventing and managing hypertension. Therefore, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the effects of different dietary approaches for comparing high- and low-carbohydrate diets on systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP, respectively) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We carried out a comprehensive literature search using PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and Scopus without any language and time restrictions until April, 2019. We carried out a meta-analysis using both fixed and random effects models where appropriate and used the I2 index to evaluate heterogeneity. We identified 16 eligible studies, with a total of 1,610 participants. The overall pooled net effect of different dietary approaches on SBP and DBP were ?2.29 mmHg [95% confidence interval (CI): ?3.49 to ?1.1] and ?1.03 mmHg (95% CI: ?1.77 to ?0.29), respectively, compared with high-carbohydrate diets. Indeed, diets high in monounsaturated fatty acids more effective in reducing both SBP and DBP than high-carbohydrate diets, whereas high-protein diets were not effective. Furthermore, we found that different dietary approaches, such as low-fat diets, did not reduce SBP or DBP to a greater extent than low-carbohydrate diets. Overall, the results of our meta-analysis show that diets high in monounsaturated fatty acids are more effective in reducing both SBP and DBP than diets high in carbohydrate, whereas other dietary approaches were not effective.

키워드

blood pressure; different dietary approaches; high monounsaturated diet; meta-analysis; type 2 diabetes mellitus

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