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Spatial information processing between hippocampus and prefrontal cortex: A hypothesis based on anatomy and physiology

Animal Cells and Systems 1998년 2권 1호 p.65 ~ 69
정민환,
소속 상세정보
정민환 ( Jung Min-Whan ) - Ajou University School of Medicine Institute for Medical Sciences

Abstract


The hippocampus and prefrontal cortex are regarded as the highest?order association cortices. The hippocampus has been proposed to store “cognitive maps” of external environments, and the prefrontal cortex is known to be involved in the planning of behavior, among other functions. Considering the prominent functional roles played by these structures, it is not surprising to find direct monosynaptic projections from the hippocampus to the prefrontal cortex. Rhythmic stimulation of this projection patterned after the hippocampal EEG theta rhythm induced stable long?term potentiation of field potentials in the prefrontal cortex. Comparison of behavioral correlates of hippocampal and prefrontal cortical neurons during an 8?arm radial maze, working memory task shows a striking contrast. Hippocampal neurons exhibit clear place?specific firing patterns, whereas prefrontal cortical neurons do not show spatial selectivity, but are correlated to different stages of the behavioral task. These data lead to the hypothesis that the role of hippocampal projection to the prefrontal cortex is not to impose spatial representations upon prefrontal activity, but to provide a mechanism for learning the spatial context in which particular behaviors are appropriate.

키워드

Hippocampus; Prefrontal cortex; Long-term potentiation; Memory; Place cell

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