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Gametogenesis and reproductive cycle of the rock shell, Reishia (Thais) clavigera (Neogastropoda: Muricidae), on the west coast of Korea

Animal Cells and Systems 1999년 3권 4호 p.375 ~ 383
이주하,
소속 상세정보
이주하 ( Lee Ju-Ha ) - Jeonju University School of Life Science

Abstract


Gonadal development, gametogenesis, reproductive cycle, and first sexual maturity of Reishia clavigera were investigated monthly from July 1998 to June 1999 through cytological and histological observations. R. clavigera had separate sexes, and was an internal fertilizer. The male penis was located near the two tentacles. The ovary and testis were composed of a great number of oogenic lobules and spermatogenic tubules, respectively. The size of ripe oocyte ranged from 130 to 140 pm in diameter. The peripheral cytoplasm of the germinal vesicle of the ripe oocyte in many cases were surrounded by smaller yolk granules, while the eccentric cytoplasm was occupied with larger ones. The reproductive cycle of R. clavigera could be classified into five successive stages: early active, late active, ripe, spawning, and recovery. Spawning of females occurred from early July to August when the seawater reached above 24.8°C. Spawning of males occurred from early June to August in the water above 22.8°C. Minimum size for sexual maturity of both sexes was above 10.0 mm in shell height. Each egg capsule was a cylinder or spindle in shape, 4?6 mm in length and 1?2 mm in width. Colors of newly spawned egg capsules showed yellowish white or pale yellow, while those with veliger larvae showed pale black, and released larvae or dead egg capsules showed black violet. The fecundity in an egg capsule ranged from 70 to 91 eggs (mean=80.28 eggs).

키워드

Reishia clavigera; Gonadal development; Gametogenesis; Reproductive cycle; First sexual maturity

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