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Parallel regulation of prolactin and c-fos gene expression by 17β-estradiol and stress in the mouse pituitary

Animal Cells and Systems 2000년 4권 1호 p.71 ~ 76
김지은, 고지윤, 김영일, 윤용달, 조병남,
소속 상세정보
김지은 ( Kim Ji-Eune ) - Catholic University School of Life Sciences
고지윤 ( Ko Ji-Yun ) - Catholic University School of Life Sciences
김영일 ( Kim Young-Il ) - Catholic University School of Life Sciences
윤용달 ( Yoon Yong-Dal ) - Hanyang University Department of Biology
조병남 ( Cho Byung-Nam ) - Catholic University School of Life Sciences

Abstract


The aim of this study was to investigate expression patterns of the prolactin (PRL) and c?fos genes by 17β?estradiol (17β?E) and stress in the mouse pituitary. In the pituitary, the levels of PRL mRNA were found high with some fluctuation at 30, 60, and 90 min whereas the levels of PRL mRNA were low at 120 min when ovariectomized female mice were injected with 17β?E or vehicle. PRL mRNA levels began to increase again at 4 h and remained high up to 24 h only in the 17β?E?treated mice. The overall changes in c?fos mRNA by 17β?E were very similar to those in PRL mRNA in the pituitary. Subsequent study revealed that these high initial levels of PRL and c?fos mRNAs were caused by stress during injection, not by 17β?E, since vehicle injection alone into the ovariectomized mice could increase the levels of PRL and c?fos mRNAs. The stress?induced elevations of PRL and c?fos mRNAs were inhibited by bromocriptin, a dopamine agonist, suggesting that the dopaminergic system is involved in the action route of injection stress. In addition, the induced levels of c?fos mRNA by 17β?E and stress in the pituitary were very low compared with those in the uterus. The time course changes in c?fos mRNA level were different between the pituitary and uterus. Taken together, these data indicate that PRL and c?fos gene expression in the pituitary are regulated by 17β?E and stress in a parallel manner, supporting the notion that c?Fos plays a role in regulation of PRL gene expression.

키워드

Prolactin; c-fos; 17β-estradiol; Stress; Mouse pituitary

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