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Cloning and characterization of actinorhodin biosynthetic gene clusters from Strep to my ces lividans TK24

Animal Cells and Systems 2002년 6권 4호 p.305 ~ 309
박기인,
소속 상세정보
박기인 ( Park Kie-In ) - Jeonbuk National University Faculty of Biological Sciences

Abstract


Actinorhodin antibiotics produced by Streptomyces lividans TK24 are blue pigments with a weak antibiotic activity, derived from one acetyl?CoA and 15 malonyl?CoA units via a typical ployketide pathway. In an attempt to clone polyketide biosynthetic genes of S. lividans TK24, hybridizing fragments in the genomic DNA of S. lividans TK24 were detected by use of actl and act III polyketide synthase gene probes. Since typical aromatic polyketide biosynthetic gene clusters are roughly 22?34 Kb long, we constructed in E. coli XL?Blue MR using the Streptomyces?E. coli bifunctional shuttle cosmid vector (pOJ446). Then, about 5,000 individual E. coli colonies were thoroughly screened with actI?ORFI and actIII probes. From these cosmid libraries, 12 positive clones were identified. Restriction analysis and southern hybridization showed two polyketide biosynthetic gene clusters in this organism. These cosmid clones can be transformed into Streptomyces parvulus 12434 for expression test that identify product of actinorhodin biosynthetic genes by heterologous expression. Thus, heterologous expression of a derivative compound of a actinorhodin biosynthetic intermediate was obtained in pKE2430. Expression of these compounds by the trans?formants was detected by photodiode array HPLC analysis of crude extracts.

키워드

Actinorhodin; Ployketide; Streptomyces lividans

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