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Communication of young black?tailed gulls, larus crassirostris, in response to parent's behavior

Animal Cells and Systems 2004년 8권 4호 p.295 ~ 300
정훈, 정석완, 박시령,
소속 상세정보
정훈 ( Chung Hoon ) - Korea National University of Education Department of Biology Education
정석완 ( Cheong Seok-Wan ) - Korea National University of Education Department of Biology Education
박시령 ( Park Shi-Ryong ) - Korea National University of Education Department of Biology Education

Abstract


In the breeding colony of black?tailed gull, as nests of conspecific neighbors are very closely located, chicks are permanently exposed by sound and visual stimuli produced by adult conspecifics approaching their nests. The chicks, therefore, may need to learn ways to appropriately respond to their parents approach. In this study we experimentally manipulated sensory stimulation that is potentially provided by the parents to the offspring. Chicks incubated in the laboratory were exposed to a mew call of the conspecific adult. Then they were tested in three situations differing in sensory stimulation: 1) visual stimulation only, 2) auditory stimulation only, and 3) Simultaneous visual and auditory stimulations. We observed occurrence of different response of the chicks, which were categorized into three behaviors (begging call response, chirirah call and pecking behavior). We also investigated intensity of the chick's call in response to the different stimulations and the degree of response with age. The chicks exposed to only auditory stimulation made significantly more chirirah calls. The intensities (dB) of the mew call and chicks’ chirirah call were directly correlated. On the other hand, when chicks just saw the stuffed adult gull, they responded significantly more with a begging call and pecking behavior. In the situation of costimulation, the chicks responded with a begging call and pecking, but less frequently than visual stimulation only. The results suggest that young black?tailed gulls use call repertories to properly respond to parents behavior. Such results suggest an evolutionary process for uncreasing their survival rate in a group breeding site.

키워드

Black-tailed gull; Stimulation; Chirirah call; Begging; Pecking; Evolution

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