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Phosphorylation of ser246 residue in integrin-linked kinase 1 by serum- and glucocorticoid-induced kinase 1 is required to form a protein-protein complex with 14-3-3

Animal Cells and Systems 2005년 9권 3호 p.161 ~ 171
천재순, 강상선,
소속 상세정보
천재순 ( Chun Jae-Sun ) - Korea National University of Education Department of Biology Education
강상선 ( Kang Sang-Sun ) - Chungbuk National University School of Science Education

Abstract


Integrin?linked kinase 1 (ILK1) regulates several protein kinases, including PKB/Akt kinase and glycogen synthase kinase β. ILK1 is also involved distinctively in the cell morphological and structural functions by interacting with the components of the extracellular matrix or integrin. According to the information of serum? and glucocorticoid?induced kinase 1 (SGK1) substrate specificity (R?X?R?X?X?(S/T)??; ? indicates a hydrophobic amino acid), two putative phosphorylation sites, Thr181 and Ser246, were found in ILK1. We showed that ILK1 fusion protein and two fluorescein?labeled ILK1 peptides, FITC?174RTRPRNGTLN183 and FITC?239CPRLRIFSHP248, were phosphorylated by SGK1 in vitro. We also identified that 14?3?3 θ, ? and ζ among several 14?3?3 isotypes (β, γ, ?, η, σ, θ, τ and ζ) formed protein complex with ILK1 in COS?1 cells. Furthermore, the phosphorylation of Ser246 by SGK1 induced the binding with 14?3?3. It was also demonstrated that 14?3?3?bound ILK1 has reduced kinase activity. Thus, these data suggest that SGK1 phosphorylatesThr181 and Ser246 of ILK1 and the phosphorylation of its Ser246 makes ILK1 bind to 14?3?3, resulting in the inhibition of ILK1 kinase activity.

키워드

ILK1; SGK1; 14-3-3 isotypes; protein phosphorylation; protein-protein interaction

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