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Activation of CREB by PKA promotes the chondrogeneic differentiation of chick limb bud mesenchymal cells

Animal Cells and Systems 2009년 13권 3호 p.289 ~ 295
김국희, 이영섭,
소속 상세정보
김국희 ( Kim Kook-Hee ) - Kyungpook National University College of National Sciences Department of Life Sciences and Biotechnology
이영섭 ( Lee Young-Sup ) - Kyungpook National University College of National Sciences Department of Life Sciences and Biotechnology

Abstract


Cyclic AMP?mediated signaling pathways regulate a number of cellular functions. In this study, we examined the regulatory role of cAMP signaling pathways in chondrogenesis of chick limb bud mesenchymal cells in vitro. Forskolin, which increases cellular cAMP levels by the activation of adenylate cyclase, enhanced chondrogenic differentiation. Inhibition of PKA with specific inhibitors (H89 or KT5720) blocked pre?cartilage condensation stage, indicating that chondrogenesis is regulated by the increase in cellular cAMP level and subsequent activation of PKA. Downstream signaling pathway of PKA leading to gene expression was investigated by examination of several nuclear transcription factors. Forskolin treatment increased transcription level for a cartilage?specific marker gene Sox9. However, inhibition of PKA with H89 led to restore expression of Sox9, indicating PKA activity was required to regulate the expression of Sox9 in chondrogenesis. In addition, CREB was highly phosphorylated at early stage of mesenchyme culture, and followed by progressive dephosphorylation. CBP and ATF, another CRE related proteins were transiently expressed at the early stage of chondrogenesis with a pattern similar to CREB phosphorylation. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays confirmed that the binding activity of CREB to the CRE is closely correlated to the phosphorylation pattern of CREB. Therefore, cAMP?mediated signal transduction to nuclear events for the induction of genes appeared to be required at the early stage of chick limb bud chondrogenesis.

키워드

chondrogenesis; PKA; Sox9; CREB

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