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Identification of Iranian vectors of malaria by analysis of cuticular hydrocarbons

Animal Cells and Systems 2009년 13권 3호 p.331 ~ 337
Rasoolian Mohammad, Nikbakhtzadeh Mahmood Reza,
소속 상세정보
 ( Rasoolian Mohammad ) - Shiraz University of Medical Sciences Neyriz CDC Branch
 ( Nikbakhtzadeh Mahmood Reza ) - Tarbiat Modares University College of Medical Sciences Department of Medical Parasitology and Entomology

Abstract


Twenty?eight Anopheles species has been so?far identified in Iran, while only 8 species was proved as malaria vector. In this study, we principally examined the cuticular hydrocarbon (CHC) potency in identification of Iranian vectors of malaria and then differentiation of vector and non?vector species of Anopheles. Seven species of malaria vectors and the non?vector species, Anopheles claviger were collected throughout Iran. Female extracts were made out of every five conspecific specimens by surface immersion in pure n?hexane. Each sample was injected into a FID?GC instrument along with the known concentrations of standards. CHC profiles of the eight Anopheles species indicated no qualitative difference. The average mass of each eluted CHC were compared using Repeated ANOVA and Mann?Whitney tests. Results confirmed a significant difference in mass of each single CHC at a specific retention time (RT). Statistical comparison of CHC mass in An. sacharovi, An. stephensi, An. culicifacies and An. fluviatilis at RT 39.6 indicated significant differences (P<0.05) among these species. Analysis of CHC mass of An. dthali, An. superpictus & An. sacharovi at RT 28.5, An. stephensi & An. sacharovi at RT 30.7 and An. sacharovi & An. claviger at RT 30.6 similarly indicated significant differences (P<0.05). An. sacharovi could be distinguished from other species, which showed only trace, by integratable peaks at retention times of 29.7, 31 and 32.6. Similarly, An. claviger could be distinguished from the other species with a trace peak at RT 30.6. In order to separate An. stephensi from the five other species, the integratable peak at RT 30.7 was used. An. dthali could be identified at RT 26.2 by an integratable peak v.s. the trace peaks of other species. An. superpictus had indicator peaks at RTs 27.4 & 28.5 v.s. trace peaks of other species. An. maculipennis with its trace peak at RT 39.6 could be easily differentiated from An. fluviatilis & An. culicifacies. This study proved that all of the examined species of Anopheles could be well identified based on their quantitative differences in CHCs, except forAn. fluviatilis & An. culicifacies for which no CHC indicator peak was detected.

키워드

Anopheles; vector; cuticular hydrocarbon; malaria; Iran

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