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CHIP promotes the degradation of mutant SOD1 by reducing its interaction with VCP and S6/S6′ subunits of 26S proteasome

Animal Cells and Systems 2010년 14권 1호 p.1 ~ 10
최진선, 이도희,
소속 상세정보
최진선 ( Choi Jin-Sun ) - Chungnam National University College of Pharmacy
이도희 ( Lee Do-Hee ) - Seoul Women’s University College of Natural Science Department of Biotechnology

Abstract


Previously we showed that CHIP, a co-chaperone of Hsp70 and E3 ubiquitin ligase, can promote the degradation of mutant SOD1 linked to familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (fALS) via a mechanism not involving SOD1 ubiquitylation. Here we present evidence that CHIP functions in the interaction of mutant SOD1 with 26S proteasomes. Bag-1, a coupling factor between molecular chaperones and the proteasomes, formed a complex with SOD1 in an hsp70-dependent manner but had no direct effect on the degradation of mutant SOD1. Instead, Bag-1 stimulated interaction between CHIP and the proteasome-associated protein VCP (p97), which do not associate normally. Over-expressed CHIP interfered with the association between mutant SOD1 and VCP. Conversely, the binding of CHIP to mutant SOD1 was inhibited by VCP, implying that the chaperone complex and proteolytic machinery are competing for the common substrates. Finally we observed that mutant SOD1 strongly associated with the 19S complex of proteasomes and CHIP over-expression specifically reduced the interaction between S6/S6′ ATPase subunits and mutant SOD1. These results suggest that CHIP, together with ubiquitin-binding proteins such as Bag-1 and VCP, promotes the degradation of mutant SOD1 by facilitating its translocation from ATPase subunits of 19S complex to the 20S core particle.

키워드

CHIP; VCP; Bag-1; 26S proteasome; ATPase subunits; SOD1

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