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A human monoclonal antibody Fab reactive to oxidized LDL and carbamylated LDL recognizes human and mouse atherosclerotic lesions

Animal Cells and Systems 2011년 15권 4호 p.259 ~ 267
장영주, 주희재, 양정인, 서창원, 정귀예, Lanza Gregory M., Zhang Huiying,
소속 상세정보
장영주 ( Jang Young-Ju ) - Ajou University School of Medicine Institute for Medical Sciences
주희재 ( Joo Hee-Jae ) - Ajou University School of Medicine Department of Pathology
양정인 ( Yang Jeong-In ) - Ajou University School of Medicine Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
서창원 ( Seo Chang-Won ) - Ajou University School of Medicine Institute for Medical Sciences
정귀예 ( Chung Kui-Yea ) - Ajou University School of Medicine Institute for Medical Sciences
 ( Lanza Gregory M. ) - Washington University School of Medicine Department of Medicine
 ( Zhang Huiying ) - Washington University School of Medicine Department of Medicine

Abstract


This study was undertaken to produce a Fab fragment of a human monoclonal antibody reactive to oxidized and carbamylated low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL and cLDL) using phage display technology. An analysis of DNA sequences of this Fab, termed plaque 15,16-46 Fab, revealed that the rearranged VH was highly mutated. Complementarity-determining regions of the VH showed a very high R/S ratio and contained many positively charged amino acids. In direct binding and competitive ELISA, the Fab reacted strongly with both MDA-LDL and Cu-oxLDL forms of oxLDL, and also showed high affinity for cLDL. Immunofluorescence and immunohistochemical analyses showed that this Fab positively stained atherosclerotic aortic plaques in ApoE?/? mice as well as those in patients with atherosclerosis. The Fab also showed positive staining in placental decidua from patients with preeclampsia. It is suggested that the plaque 15,16-46 Fab against oxLDL and cLDL might possibly be applicable for developing a diagnostic reagent for both human and rodent animal research to detect and characterize atherosclerotic disease progression in atherosclerotic lesions as well as exploring the pathogenesis of atherogenic diseases such as preeclampsia.

키워드

human monoclonal antibody; Fab fragment; oxidized LDL; carbamylated LDL; atherosclerosis

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