잠시만 기다려 주세요. 로딩중입니다.

Valproic acid decreases cell proliferation and migration in the cerebellum of zebrafish larvae

Animal Cells and Systems 2014년 18권 2호 p.101 ~ 108
이윤경, 이봉규, 이창중,
소속 상세정보
이윤경 ( Lee Yun-Kyoung ) - Inha University Department of Biological Sciences
이봉규 ( Lee Bong-Kyu ) - Inha University Department of Biological Sciences
이창중 ( Lee Chang-Joong ) - Inha University Department of Biological Sciences

Abstract


Valproic acid (VPA) is used as an antiepileptic drug or mood stabilizer. Recent studies have shown that exposure to VPA during embryonic development alters neural progenitor cell proliferation. The main goal of this investigation was to elucidate the effects of VPA on cell proliferation in the cerebellum of zebrafish larvae using immunohistochemistry. 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA)-labeled cells were mostly found in the ventral cerebellum proliferation zone and external granular layer of the cerebellum from 5 days postfertilization zebrafish immediately after treatment with BrdU for 12 h. Subsequently, BrdU-labeled cells were mostly found in the medial zone of the cerebellar plate 48 h after terminating BrdU treatment. Pretreatment with 2-mM VPA for 3 h prior to BrdU exposure reduced the number of BrdU-labeled cells both immediately and 48 h after terminating BrdU exposure. Posttreatment with VPA following BrdU exposure reduced the migration of BrdU-labeled cells, represented by a decreased number of BrdU-positive cells in the medial zone of the cerebellar plate. These results suggest that VPA may delay brain development by hindering cell proliferation and migration during the early developmental period.

키워드

zebrafish; valproic acid; cerebellum; development

원문 및 링크아웃 정보

등재저널 정보