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Ubiquitin-specific peptidase 3 induces TPA-mediated leukemia cell differentiation via regulating H2AK119ub

Animal Cells and Systems 2019년 23권 5호 p.311 ~ 317
채윤철, 정현수, 김지영, 이동호, 서상범,
소속 상세정보
채윤철 ( Chae Yun-Cheol ) - Chung-Ang University College of Natural Science Department of Life Science
정현수 ( Jung Hyeon-Soo ) - Chung-Ang University College of Natural Science Department of Life Science
김지영 ( Kim Ji-Young ) - Chung-Ang University College of Natural Science Department of Life Science
이동호 ( Lee Dong-Ho ) - Chung-Ang University College of Natural Science Department of Life Science
서상범 ( Seo Sang-Beom ) - Chung-Ang University College of Natural Science Department of Life Science

Abstract


Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is the most common type of leukemia in adults. Owing to the chemotherapy associated side effects and toxicity, it is necessary to find a new mechanism, which can identify new potential therapeutic targets at the molecular level. Here, we identified new target genes that are induced during the TPA-induced HL-60 cell differentiation by ChIP-seq and microarray data analysis. Using q-PCR and ChIP assay, we confirmed that the target genes including USP3, USP35, TCF4, and SGK1 are upregulated during TPA-mediated HL-60 cell differentiation. Levels of USP3, one of the deubiquitinating enzymes (DUBs), increased by TPA treatment, resulting in the reduction of H2AK119ub levels. In addition, we revealed that depletion of USP3 inhibits TPA-mediated leukemia cell differentiation q-PCR and FACS analysis. Taken together, our data indicate that USP3 promotes TPA-mediated leukemia cell differentiation via regulating H2AK119ub levels.

키워드

Leukemia cell differentiation; TPA; HL-60 cells; AML; ubiquitin-specific peptidase 3

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