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Genome editing methods in animal models

Animal Cells and Systems 2020년 24권 1호 p.8 ~ 16
이현지, 윤다은, 김경미,
소속 상세정보
이현지 ( Lee Hyun-Ji ) - Institute for Basic Science Center for Genome Engineering
윤다은 ( Yoon Da-Eun ) - Korea University College of Medicine Department of Biomedical Sciences
김경미 ( Kim Kyoung-Mi ) - Korea University College of Medicine Department of Physiology

Abstract


Genetically engineered animal models that reproduce human diseases are very important for the pathological study of various conditions. The development of the clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) system has enabled a faster and cheaper production of animal models compared with traditional gene-targeting methods using embryonic stem cells. Genome editing tools based on the CRISPR-Cas9 system are a breakthrough technology that allows the precise introduction of mutations at the target DNA sequences. In particular, this accelerated the creation of animal models, and greatly contributed to the research that utilized them. In this review, we introduce various strategies based on the CRISPR-Cas9 system for building animal models of human diseases and describe various in vivo delivery methods of CRISPR-Cas9 that are applied to disease models for therapeutic purposes. In addition, we summarize the currently available animal models of human diseases that were generated using the CRISPR-Cas9 system and discuss future directions.

키워드

CRISPR-Cas9 system; genome editing; animal model; In vivo delivery

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등재저널 정보

SCI(E)
KCI