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두경부암 환자의 MVCT를 이용한 치아 인공물 보정에 따른 선량평가

Dose Evaluation of Dental Artifacts Using MVCT in Head and Neck

대한방사선치료학회지 2019년 31권 2호 p.25 ~ 31
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Abstract

목 적: 본 연구는 두경부암 환자의 kVCT와 MVCT영상에서 치아 인공물의 체적을 비교하고, MVCT영상에서 치아체적을 얻은 후 kVCT영상에 배정하여 치아체적 및 주변 정상조직의 전자밀도 교정 후 치료계획체적(PTV) 선량변화를 평가하고자 하였다.

대상 및 방법: 본원의 Radixact® X9에서 세기조절방사선치료를 받은 5명의 두경부암 환자를 대상으로 하였다. 환자의 MVCT영상에서 치아 및 주변 정상조직의 체적을 그린 후 kVCT영상에 영상정합 후 역방향 전산화 치료계획을 실시하였다. 처방선량지수와 선량균질지수를 이용하여 PTV 선량을 평가하였다.

결 과: kVCT영상과 MVCT영상에서 얻은 금속 인공물의 체적을 비교한 결과 평균 3.49±2.61cc, 최대 7.43cc의 차이를 보였다. PTV는 내부 치아가 충분히 포함된 곳으로 제한하였으며, PTV 선량평가 결과 인공물을 보정하지 않은 kVCT의 전산화치료계획의 CI값의 평균은 0.86, MVCT영상을 통해 인공물을 보정 한 kVCT의 CI값은 평균 0.9로 평가되었다.

결 론: 금속 인공물의 보정 없이 전산화치료계획이 이루어졌을 때 PTV의 선량이 저평가 되어 선량 불확실성이 발생됨을 알 수 있었다.

Purpose: Metals induce metal artifact during CT-image for therapy planning, and it occurs images distortion, which affects the volumetric measurement and radiation calculation. In the case of using megavoltage computed tomography(MVCT), the volume of metals can be measured as similar to true volume due to minimal metal artifact outcome. In this study, radiation assessment was conducted by comparing teeth volume from images of kVCT and MVCT of head and neck cancer patients, then assigning to kVCT image to calculate radiation after obtaining the similar volume of true teeth volume from MVCT. Also, formal IR image was able to verify the accuracy of radiation calculation.

Material and method: 5 head and neck cancer patients who had intensity-modulated radiation therapy from Radixact® Series were of the subject in this study. Calculations of radiation when constraining true teeth volume out of kVCT image(A-CT) and when designated specific HU after teeth assigned using MVCT image were compared with formal IR image. Treatment planning was devised at the same constraints and mean dose was measured at the radiation assess points. The points were anterior of the teeth, between PTV and the teeth, the interior of PTV near the teeth, and the teeth where 5cm distance from PTV.

Result: A difference of metals volume from kVCT and MVCT image was mean 3.49±2.61cc, maximum 7.43cc. PTV was limited to where the internal teeth were fully contained. The results of PTV dose evaluation showed that the average CI value of the kVCT treatment planning without the artifact correction was 0.86, and the average CI value of the kVCT with the artifact correction using MVCT image was 0.9.

Conclusion: When the Treatment Planning was made without correction of metal artifacts, the dose of PTV was underestimated, indicating that dose uncertainty occurred. When the computerized treatment plan was made without correction of metal artifacts, the dose of PTV was underestimated, indicating that dose uncertainty occurred.

키워드

두경부암; 금속 인공물; 전산화치료계획
Head and neck cancer; kVCT; MVCT; Metal Artifact; Treatment Planning System

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